Monday, 20 August 2012

The True Beginning of Mankind

          The True Beginning of Mankind on Earth       Part1

          Human history  from a recorded historical view begins in the lower Mesopotamia, which means between the rivers. These two rivers are the Tigris in the north and the Euphrates in the south, which both drain into the Persian gulf. All of the major cities in ancient times with one exception, were built on the Euphrates, and none on the Tigris and for several good reasons. The most important was that the Euphrates river facilitated itself to irrigation more so than the Tigris. The banks on the Euphrates are low and flat, while the banks of the Tigris are high, and more rugged, which would of meant the water from the Tigris, would have to be lifted, in order to irrigate. This also meant that the Tigris river banks were stronger not allowing the river to shift their course through time. This was the exact opposite to the Euphrates, which through time has seen many major changes in it's course flowing south.  Many burial mounds of cities that existed in ancient times on the Euphrates are now miles east or west of the current Euphrates. These include the cities, Babylon, Kish, Nippur, Uruk,  which all at one time in there early existence,were situated on the Euphrates. Through diggings and the findings of ancient texts, it can now be determined without question, that these cities were all built on the Euphrates. This can be proved by one of Hammurabi's texts, that describes an order to dredge the Euphrates from Larsa to Ur, “clean out the stream of the Euphrates”. Both of these cities today, do not exist on the southern Euphrates.  In comparing the ancient course of the Euphrates to the one that exists today, two very noticeable differences can be made. The middle course of the Euphrates has shifted dramatically west, while the very southerly section has shifted to the east. 

            The most notable geographical feature relating to the Mesopotamia valley is the flatness of the land, particularly near the Euphrates. This lends itself to intensive farming. The flatness of the valley has one very notable downside in ancient times. This was the fact that it's large and powerful cities, were difficult to defend. There was no natural defensive obstacles that would hinder the movement of invading armies. Wars and their subsequent armies were a very common occurrence in ancient times, and they all passed through the Mesopotamia valley. The other common feature that exists throughout this valley delta, is the lack of building material. With the exception of clay to build bricks, there is no stone, so the mighty cities along the Euphrates were all built of clay bricks, which over time, turns to mounds of dirt. There is one exception and that is the city of Eridu,( considered man's first city), which had some stone in it's construction.

            These mighty cities of the Euphrates were in sharp contrast to the stone monuments erected by the Egyptians, which still stand today. The other downside to clay being the only building material, is that clay is the only material to write on. Hence clay tablets are all that exists today from this period, to study and learn from their culture. Though many have survived, clay tablets as a writing surface are not the most enduring. This again can be in contrast to the Egyptians who painted or carved their language onto stone. The Egyptian also wrote on papyrus, but many only exist in fragmented form today. 

            The first people to live in this valley were the Sumerians. They lived in the very southern most region, bordering the Persian gulf and they called their valley, Sumer.  The Sumerians were the first in human history to have a written language. Symbols or letters that represent a phonic sound is what defines a written language, which is quite different than a series of pictures to represent an event or action. They wrote their language on a wet clay,often using a stylus. This form of writing came to be called cuneiform writing. They also developed a basic law code, and a legal system using cuneiform to keep legal records.

            The Sumerians had Gods. The  highest of these Gods was Anu, meaning heavenly one, or God of Heaven. The Princely offspring of Anu, were called the Anunnaki, meaning born of royal blood, and these lived amongst the Sumerians in a very symbiotic relationship.  Within the Anunnaki there was a counsel of leaders that directed and lead the Anunnaki.  These Gods had no spirit form, as the God of the Bible. They were not perfect, all knowing or omnipotent. They were of human form, had human interest, as in they to liked to drink beer, and have sex with the beautiful women of Sumeria. The reason they were seen as Gods to the Sumerians is that they possessed technologies, unknown to the Sumerians. These technologies and sciences were taught to the Sumerians to improve their methods of intensive farming. Simple math, and building techniques were also taught. Therefore the Sumerians called them Great Gods. In essence the Anunnaki provided the technologies and the Sumerians did the work.

            The Sumerians were modest and humble which is reflected in their dress, consisting mainly of a simple tunic. They were clean shaven, and also shaved their heads bare. In a more formal setting, the Sumerians would wear wigs. This form of modest dress was possibly in showing respect, as in having a humble attitude towards their Great Gods, whose dress was in sharp contrast to the Sumerians. These Anunnaki  wore heavily embroidered garments similar to Roman togas, with end of the material flung over one shoulder.  Their beards were long and braided, and their heads were full of wavy hair. The Annuna also wore a headdress which was the inverted horns(horn tips pointed inward)of a bull. This was evidently signalling their higher position in their order. The Sumerian men below show their simple dress appearance.
Fig. 1

            The Sumerians were soon to have neighbours to the north of their valley. They were to be called Akkadians, named after their capital Akkad or Agade meaning born of Akkad. In Genesis 10:10 it mentions Akkad, pronouncing it Accad or in Greek Archad. The Akkadians were thought to have come from the south, led by their Anunnaki God, Dagan. These Akkadians were the first Semites on earth, and not of the same race as the Sumerians. The roots of the word Semite, is semen, and seed, these people being the seed of Dagan. Their language was distinctly different than the Sumerians. The Sumerian language was built, by starting with a word and building more words around that single word to develop more complex thoughts and phrases, while the Akkadian language used roots, which may or may not have any meaning, then by changing letters with the root, different meaning are derived. The Akkadian language ( a very early Hebrew) could be likened to much the same as our English language, because of the use of roots, while the Sumerian has had no language living or dead that it would resemble.The Akkadians did not have a written language so they borrowed the cuneiform style of writing from the Sumerians. This was not a perfect fit, but the practice of using cuneiform writing lasted for centuries.

            Both Akkadians and Sumerians were competing for the same resources, food and land, on a very limited valley, which would have brought them into conflict. This conflict met its zenith, and turning point with the birth of  an Akkadian King, named Sargon.

            Dagan as all Anunnaki, had courtships and sex with numerous desirable and beautiful females within the region, and once Dagan saw a Priestess of Kish, that was especially beautiful, he sought her, and from this relations she gave birth to an illegitimate child, who came to be called Sargon. Through a series of events her son, Sargon becomes king, and immediately, sets out to conquer the entire southern Mesopotamia , including the Sumerians. With the help of Dagan, Sargon butchers and annihilates all the neighbouring territories and city states. Before long Sargon has the great southern Sumerian city of Ur in a long protracted seize.  After it's fall and with the Sumerian victory complete, he washes his hands and sword in the Persian gulf, as if saying he's “finished with it”, similar to Pontius Pilate washing his hands, centuries later. This then establishes the Semite kingdom as a leading power on earth. Sargon's military victories enables Dagan's Semitic Kingdom to become the first, dominate power in earth's history.

            Dagan was not always known by this name. The early Sumerians and Akkadians called him Dagan, but the later Semitic people, knew him as Yahweh. In Sumerian life, Dagan was an insignificant and diminutive god , seldom being mentioned, but this all transformed with the arrival of the Akkadians. Dagan ambitions, resulted in his elevation as the most important god of the Semites, assisted Sargon in battle, and as a powerful warrior would be credited with the expansion of the Akkadian empire. In the inscription of Sargon's grandson Naram-Sin military campaign in the Cedar Mountains it states,”Naram-Sin slew the Arman and Ibla with the weapon of the God Dagan, who aggrandizes his region”.

           The question is what is this weapon of Dagan, that assists in Naram-Sin's victory? In the Victory Stele of Naram-Sin, now at the Louvre, over the Lullubi Mountain people, the weapon is in full view atop the battle scene, depicted below.

            Here we can see Naram-Sin wearing the horned headdress of the Anu, looking up in reverence, to a four wheeled chariot of Dagan, Dagan's great weapon. The outer hubs of the axles can be seen extending outside of the relief, and by looking closely, there is a wheel within a wheel on each axle. Each wheel has eight spokes, and there is two wheels per axle. This is the same throne/chariot as described by Ezekiel in the Bible, in Ezekiel 1:16, when Yahweh approaches him."The appearance of the wheels...and the four had one likeness...and their work was as it were a wheel within a wheel."

           This gives rise to Dagan being the Sumerian / Akkadian name for Yahweh which is the later Hebrew name for the God of the Semitic people. 




Again, above we see the same Anunnaki throne/chariot leading an army to victory. This relief is in Persia, at the famous site of Behistun, depicting Darius the Great's victories, after the death of Cyrus. It appears the Anunnaki took an active part in the wars of man. Also note (what appears as landing feet) below the craft, and at the end of each feet is what may look like an Omega symbol.

           The Anunnaki are seen here on either side of the tree of life, with their throne/chariot above, and to the left of the central figures, is two wheels, each with eight spokes, on one axle. This wheel within a  wheel is common occurrence in ancient Sumerian steles. Many experts have determined that this throne chariot, seen above the tree of life, is really an ancient Sun God, but never has a Sun God taken two hitchhikers, on a ride. This depiction done by the Sumerians of an Anunnaki on either side of a tree of life or the water of life, with the throne /chariot above, is repeated over and over in their reliefs.

            The Assyrian throne/chariot above is depicting the wheels of the chariots four corners, overlaying one another. Inside these wheels is the 2 wheels of eight spokes, seen just behind the figure armed with the bow, that is identical to the wheels in Daram-Sin's stele from Fig2. These were not mythological symbols of a Sun God, but were actually seen, and then transcribed into art form.


            In the two reliefs above, taken from the Assyrian palace walls at Calah, we can see two Anunnaki on either side of the Tree of Life, again they're pointing to the throne/chariot above, as if saying, “ Look, we can see it.” This and similar reliefs reoccur time and time again. The ancient people  were simply engraving what the saw, and for the most part, not having any understanding what they were drawing.

            These Chariots of the Gods actually existed and were used by the Anunnaki to assist their seed on earth in the wars of man and domination of the seed of other Anunnaki.


Fig7.      In this relief, we see the Anunnaki on either side of the tree of eternal life, pointing up, as if drawing our attention to the throne/chariot. As if saying; “Can you see it or can you see me”. What originally appeared as landing feet of the throne/chariot are now pulled down, as if they're an extended cable with the Omega symbol at each end. These are not landing feet, but are means of which the Anunnaki are able to see, and transfer from the underworld to our world. The figure on the left in the underworld, to the figure on the right in our world, through the tree of eternal life. In Sumeria and in many other ancient societies, the Tree of life, is a phallic symbol, representing the erect penis, and from it eternal life grows. Tree in the Sumerian language is the same word as penis. The Sumerian language also used the same word for water, as the word for semen. Water or irrigated water, was the source of all life, the seed of life, and it represents eternal life.

The gods of Armageddon.  Sometimes they come back ...
In the Assyrian relief above, again we see two Gods knelling between the tree of life, in honour of the Chariot of the Gods. Again the lines linking the chariot sun disc with the Omega at each end.        

        The Egyptians also viewed these chariots of the Gods, and similar to the Sumerian, Persian, and Assyrian, and depicted them in art form. The Victory Stela of Amenhotep 3rd, now in the Cairo Egyptian Museum illustrates how the Egyptians described the Chariot of the Gods, as art. A Falcon figure is seen atop many of their stelas.


        Their representations also included an Omega like object that connected man to these chariots.

            In the case of the Egyptians the object was the Shen, the Symbol that represented eternity, which in the figure above is holding in his claws. The Shen is made up of a rope and staff, that is also depicted in an elongated form, known as a cartouche. In the cartouche, the rope is extended to surround a Kings name. Hence Shen can also mean, to encircle. Both  the Omega and the Shen are quite similar in appearance, and meaning to these ancient people.

            Ezekiel in his vision for the rebuilding of the 2nd temple,(Ezekiel 40 2-4) was approached by  YHWH caring a Shen. "In a Godly vision,...approached by a man who had the appearance of bronze and who held in his hand a flaxen string and a measuring rod."
            The Sumerians also had a Shen like object, seen in the figure below, which was again represented by a measuring staff and rope. The Anunnaki figure holding it shows his authority in measuring mans life.

            This all seems to leads and points to a common knowledge when these various ancient peoples throughout the Near and Middle East, depicted their encounters with the Chariots of the Gods. This common understanding was, the Anunnaki were able to perpetuate life, or change into another life, with the use of an Omega like symbol, that was in some way directly linked or connected to these chariots.

Again we see the Omega below the throne/chariot, with a young man on one side of underworld and an old man on the other. Are both representations the same man?

            Another point of interest in these often repeating reliefs, is that those Anunnaki of the underworld are often depicted not true in human nature, but exhibit a certain creature form. Is this a stylized form, or something else? In Canaan, Dagan is seen as a half fish, and there are reliefs throughout the ancient world that show a half man, half fish God, that is thought to be Dagan.. Could it be that the Anunnaki take a form other than man in the underworld? Is Dagan one such creature?  

In the Sumerian language, priest or priestess, has been translated, changeling. The Sumerians in their reliefs of the Anunnaki were again merely drawing what they observed. Never knowing what they were observing.Fig9.

                                    The Rise and Fall of the Semitic Akkad
            Sargon the Great, as he was now known, set about to become totally different in every aspects to the Sumerians, as if to mock or defy them. These differences are in total disrespect and defiance to the Anunnaki and their counsel. The Sumerians in contrast were in total compliance to working under the Anunnaki.  Sargon now shows by his fractious behavior, that he is against the existing Anunnaki arrangement. He now dresses as if to copy the Anunnaki, wearing the same toga style clothing, and wearing his hair long, with the long braided beards that the Anunnaki have long worn to identify them as who they are and their position on earth, as if to defy their authority. Sargon even goes further in his act of being total presumptuous against the Anunnaki and that is to wear the head dress of the Annuna, the inverted horns, signifying their exulted position. No one previously in history has ever acted in such a manner of total rebellion, and disregard against the Anunnaki. Sargon now calls himself the, “anointed priest of Anu”.

           These acts of defiance were now magnified by Sargon's military conquest of the Sumerian people, who the Anunnaki had a long and peaceful relationship with. The great Sumerian city of Uruk, probably the most populated city on earth at that time, was sacked and is walls dismantled, while the city of Kazalla was put to a state of total waste, that is said,  “that a bird could not find a perch.” Naram-Sin, his grandson, takes these acts of defiance a step further, by giving himself the title, Master of the Universe, and proclaiming himself a God. He is the first King in history to deify himself. For a King of earth to proclaim himself master of the universe is a direct act of contempt against the Anunnaki.

            We know now that Dagan/Yahweh their God, was apart of this rebellion, that Dagan/Yahweh had assisted Sargon and his King line in their quest for an earthly Kingdom of Semites.  Sargon's own testimony states he visited and worshiped at the Holy Temple at Tuttul, the temple of Dagan. Dagan was called in the diggings at Mari, from those recovered cuneiform texts, the “Creator of Heaven and Earth”. Does this sound familiar? Psalm 134:3 says that Yahweh is the “Creator of Heaven and Earth.” From an almost unknown God at the time of the Sumerians, to now being the Creator of Heaven and Earth is quite a step up the ladder of expectations. Dagan wanted to extend his power and those that worshiped him, by using the forces of Sargon and his family line. Sargon's grandson Naram-Sin extended this dynasty of further conquests, but one conquest grabbed the attention of the Anunnaki, and they finally awoke to these Semite wrongdoings. This act was the destruction of the city Nippur and the sacking of the temple to Enlil, whom was the head of the Anunnaki counsel. This finally brought the condemnation of the Anunnaki against the Akkadians.

            The Sumerian texts speaks of a curse that was brought upon the Akkadians for their murderous acts. For many years this was thought to be a myth, but recent discoveries from diggings have proved much of this to be true. This is evident from the dig site at Tel LeiLan, which points to a drought that may have lasted upwards to 300 hundred years. This city was abandoned and from the soil samples, of a large layer of fine wind blown sand, there appears to be no human activity, for a long extended period.

            Text reads:      “For the first time since cities were built and founded
                                    The great agricultural track provided no grain
                                    The inundated tracts produced no fish.........
                                    People were flailing themselves for hungry”

            This was called the curse of Akkad, and now can be proven that the land, came under a large protracted drought, that lasted for many years. Enlil though, would take further steps to stop these Akkadians, in their destructive path.
            The Sumerian text reads:        “Enlil the roaring storm that subjugates the entire land, the rising deluge that cannot be confronted, was considering what should be destroyed in return for wrecking of his beloved E-kur.....Enlil brought out of the mountains those who do not resemble other people, who are not reckoned as part of the land. The Gutians, an unbridled people, with human intelligence, but canine instinct and monkey's features.”

            As history cannot dispute, the Gutian hordes came through the land of Akkad, and annihilated the seed of Yahweh. The King line of Sargon was terminated with the death of the son of Daram-Sin. The Akkadians brief history as the dominate political force was short lived. Their great city of Agade was so completely destroyed, that it has never been found to this day, or even any evidence where that city might have been located. So total and complete was the destruction, that it ended Yahweh's attempt to have his seed become the masters of the world, at least for a time. 

            This all seems to be confirmed, by the Sumerian King List, which kept records of the Kings and their reigns.  After the death of Car-Kali-carri, son of Daram-Sin, the King List states, “Who was King, Who indeed was King.” This indicates that there was a period after the end of the Sargon King line, that the entire area fell into political turmoil. No central government, and no ruling power or authority. With Gutian hordes sacking city after city, and the region confronting a drought of mammoth portions, it must have been a difficult period to exist.
            The people of Agade did bring positive change, as a number of their advancements are still with us today.  The one that the Hebrews/Jews (Semites of today) still use today, is the Akkadian calendar. The Akkadians used a lunar calendar, and the names of each of the 12 months are exactly or nearly exactly the same as used today by the Jewish calendar. As an example;
            First lunar month,        Hebrew           Nissan                        Akkad            Nissannu
            2nd                                                        Iyar                                                     Ajaru
            3rd                                                        Sivan                                                   Sivanu
            4th                                                        Tammuz                                              Tamuzu
            5th                                                        Av                                                       Abu

            An interesting point pertaining to the Jewish calendar is that year one in their calendar is the year 3760 BC, or to give an example the year 1996 is the year 5756 in the Jewish calendar. The significance of the year 3760 BC to the Jews is that they believe this is their  1st year of their creation. The first year of their kingdom on earth. Some Jews will contend that this is the first year of the creation of earth, but no one really believes that human or Earth's history began at 3760 BC. What makes this year important is this year also coincides as the year that Daram-Sin proclaiming himself God and Master of the Universe, as the King of the Semite people. This year of Daram-Sin can be verified by the cuneiform texts, now existing in the British Museum, of Nabonidus. The tablet states that a period of 3200 years elapsed between him finding Naram-Sin's memorial temple foundation stone at Sippur, and the burial of that stone. This would mean that at the height of Naram-Sin's reign it would be the year 3760 BC and coincide with the beginning of the Jewish Semitic lunar calendar. An interesting fact connecting modern Semitic people and those that lived and died centuries before.  The year that Daram-Sin and his Semitic people proclaim that their kingdom on earth is now the Master of the Universe, is actually the same year that the Jewish Calendar appoints as year one.

                                    Dagan changes his name to Yahweh
          In ancient times it was customary to have the names of major cities, and the names of Kings reflect the Gods they worshiped. The word for this is theophoric names. In the royal house of Larsa, their king was named Nur-Dagan, or in the royal house of Isin, 2 kings were named after Dagan, Iddin-Dagan, and Isme-Dagan, the later even went further, to call himself the son of Dagan. In the Bible the son of King David is named Baalya or Bealiah which means Baal is Ya or Yehovah is Baal. Baal being named the son of Dagan and who were both worshiped by the people throughout the land of Canaan. Ya is an abbreviation of Yehovah. This to many bible scholars is a paradox, in linking Dagan and Ya, but it points to the fact that both are the same person.

            In early Mesopotamia, two Kings, Yahdun-Lim and Yasmah-Addu both show the recognizable theophoric connection to Yehovah, and both were exclusive worshipers of Dagan. One calling himself the Governor of Dagan. Yahdum-Lim , the King of Mari, in present day Syria, is quoted in cuneiform text recovered from the diggings in Mari, “Yahdum-Lim King of Mari, The God Dagan proclaimed my kingship, who controls the banks of the Euphrates, and gave me a mighty weapon that fells my royal enemies.” Again Dagan and the use of his mighty weapon, that destroys the armies of man, is mentioned. This was the very same weapon used with Daram-Sin, for his territorial expansion.  Mari, Yadhun-Lim's capital, has extreme importance today, in that of nearly 25,000 cuneiform texts, were unearthed there.

            Yasmah-Addu, was one of the 2 sons of the King of Assyria, the other being Ishme-Dagan.
Yasmah-Addu ruled in Mari, while his brother and Father ruled the other 2/3rds of the empire. Dagan as their God, is recognizable in their names, along with the use of Ya, and a son of Dagan, named Addu.

            A neighbouring city to Mari, in Syria is Ebla, which in the mid 60's was unearthed  by an Italian   archaeologist by the name of Pettinato. In his diggings he discovers some 20,000 cuneiform texts. Some of which drastically change the image of the early near east. Pettinato discovers the divine name Ya, later to emerge as YHWH or Yahweh. The Sumerian name was Dinger Ya-ra-mu, translated God Ya-ra-mu. He also makes a discovery that the letters “EL” are being changed to “YA” at this time in history.iii) EL being the senior deity of the Canaanites to Ya the God of Moses. Pettinato notices that in the translation of the word Mikail, that those now living in Ebla have translated the spelling to Mikaya. For some reason there is a shift in spelling and pronunciation to “YA” in these cities that worship Dagan. Both of these cities along with Dagan's major temple at nearby Tuttul were major centres of worship for the God Dagan.

Fig10.      The above coin from the 4th century BC, is from modern day Gaza, honoring their God Yahu. Many believe, these are the people, the Egyptians referred to as the “Sea People”, descendants of early Phoenicians, whose water God was named, Yam-Nahar. Notice the cherub winged throne chariot, that is evident 2000 years before Ezekiel had his vision of Yahweh's throne chariot.
The texts to the right are from the three tablets of Sin-mubalit, Hammurabi's father, translated by Deilitzsch in 1902. This text predates Abraham.


            The question is why would Dagan change his name to Yahweh? The answer to that is quite simple. When a God is declaring himself, as Dagan had, the “Creator of Heaven and Earth”, it is difficult for him to convince his seed of that when, Sargon and the Kingdom of Agade, had been completely wiped out. Not exactly an all powerful, all omnipotent, all knowing God. Dagan will take time to rebuild his seed and to reestablish  his earthly kingdom, but he would not use the name Dagan. If Dagan used his name, it would enable his seed to look back and examine at his past failures. Nearly 2 centuries later his Semitic kingdom is led by another strong central figure very similar to Sargon. His name being Moses.

            The underlying question in all of this, is why? Why is there this aggressive, confrontational attitude between Dagan and  Enlil, the head of the Anunnaki Council? The answer is one of the oldest stories known to man. Both Dagan and Enlil are having relations with the same women. According to Sumerian text both are married to the same women, but are the Sumerians really aware of the fact that one is married and the other is having an affair. Exactly which one is married, has brought some confusion to this ancient story, but from this, centuries of conflict arise. To most modern experts studying ancient Sumeria, this is quite a paradox, of having both Gods, being married to Salas. Salas is said to be married to the Storm God, who is Enlil in Sumerian text, but also to Dagan, but if we look closely at Enlil, he already has a consort, Ninlil, so it appears that Dagan is the god on the short end of the stick. This all adds testimony and credence to Dagan's extremely aggressive nature towards the people of the Sumer valley, some of which are the direct seed of Enlil. Love and hate, the oldest game on earth.

Part II    Moses as a Historical Figure, and Where did Moses get the Ideas of Genesis

            Now some 2000 years have past, and Yahweh's seed has grown again in numbers, but instead of residing in the Mesopotamian valley, they have become quests of the Egyptians, in the Nile delta of Goshen. Yahweh again uses one man (Not Sargon ) to lead his many, and this man is called Moses.
            Who was Moses as an Historical Figure? We all know Moses as a Biblical figure, often considered “God's Greatest Prophet”, but are many of our preconceived notions actually true?

            All of us know Mose s as a Biblical character, but who was Moses in a historical sense, and who were the Pharaohs of the Exodus account? Moses wrote the 1st five books of the bible known as the Pentateuch, but where did he get the ideas for Genesis? My personal interest in Moses as a historic figure rather than a Biblical figure was nurtured, after reading hundreds of translated Sumerian clay texts. The similarity between Moses account of creation,the Earth and Man's beginning, and the Sumerian ancient text cannot be denied. Was the Pentateuch then inspired from God, as we were all taught, or did Moses simply transcribe these earlier accounts. My interest really grew after reading of an important ancient King of the Sumerians, that history seems so eagerly to forget. This Kings account of his own childhood, is almost word for word transcribed, into the Book of Exodus. Now my interest has been sparked, where I want to find out who Moses really was, and not what Moses and others would have us believe. The following is the condensed result.    
            The Sumerians, who lived in the lower Mesopotamian valley, were the first humans to have a written language. They wrote about everyday life on their clay tablets, but also wrote a series of tablets called the creation tablets. They wrote that Man was formed of clay and the women was formed from his rib.(i) They wrote about man's search for everlasting life, and the tree of knowledge, with an evil snake that tried to gain control of the tree. The "Garden of Eden" comes from the Sumerian word “Gu-Edina”, which means Banks of Eden, a fertile valley between two Sumerian cities. This valley is near the city of Eridu, mans first city, where it's burial mounds can still be seen today in southern Iraq. The original account on a clay tablet of Noah and the great flood, can be viewed in the Royal British Museum in London. All these accounts were written over 2000 years before Moses wrote the book of Genesis, so how was it that Moses account is a carbon copy of these clay tablets?(ii) Moses came from a royal setting and had access to the worlds greatest libraries in his education process. These libraries of the Sumerians were world famous, and even up to Alexander the Greats time, they were well known, so when Alexander saw these libraries he decided to build his own, in Egypt, at the city of Alexandria. Moses in his day, would have had full access to the complete written record of the Sumerians, along with the early Egyptian writings, including Books of the Dead and their many early papyrus writings.

Fig12.     Above, the city of Eridu, considered one of the five pre-flood cities, exists today in southern Iraq, using an aerial photo. Notice how flat the land is, and how difficult it would be to defend. Cities without water, become abandoned.

            The question is, should it bother us today that Moses plagiarized the creation account? The Assyrians and the Babylonians plagiarized the Sumerian accounts almost word for word, so should it bother us that Moses did the same? It doesn't bother me that Moses copied the creation account, though it may effect others. It does affect my faith when Moses writes himself in, as a central figure in the Bible. This act is quite different. Moses did far more than plagiarize the creation account. He manipulated many accounts including his own life story. 

            In the Nineveh tablets, it speaks of a Great King, called Sargon. The text is in the first person, as if Sargon is speaking. “ My mother a high priestess conceived me, in secret she brought me forth. She placed me in a basket of reeds, she closed my entrance with bitumen, she cast me upon the river.” He tells of his birth, which is illegitimate from a royal priestess. He never knows his father, but his mother is ashamed and makes a basket out of reeds, which she puts her baby in, then seals the cover with bitumen. She then puts the basket in the Euphrates river, near the palace, where the palace gardener finds him. Sargon himself says he is the son of a gardener. Before long, Sargon is chief cup holder to the King, and then through a series of events becomes King. From that point on Sargon starts a war of domination over the entire Fertile Crescent. Moses also would have studied Sargon, who was well respected and admired in ancient times, particularity by the Babylonians who saw him as a prototype, of kingdom building. In Moses own account in Exodus 2:1-3 it compares as, “But when she could hide him no longer, she got a papyrus basket for him and coated it with tar and pitch. Then she placed the child in it and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile.”  Notice the account of Sargon and the Bibles account of Moses are exactly the same, even the the use of bitumen on the reed basket is the same, with the only difference being the river Euphrates being exchanged for Nile.

            Was Moses to quick to transcribe Sargon's birth account without fully aware that bitumen does not exist in the Nile delta? The lower Sumer valley, today known as Kuwait, has a large supply of bitumen that seeps through the ground, from Kuwait's large oil deposits. The ancients used this heat source to smelter copper, gold and their most sought after metal, bismuth, which they mined in the neighbouring regions. Contrary to Moses account, bitumen does not exist in the Nile river or the Nile delta. In Moses haste to plagiarize Sargon's birth account he failed to realize that the Nile and the Euphrates have a different geology. A simple mistake, but with huge ramifications.

            Moses really saw himself, and his life, as Sargon. The question is, why would Moses see Sargon as his alter ego, and why would Moses try to deceive those reading the Book of Exodus, relating to his birth, and  history? Did Moses assume that by using these Sumerian accounts, the Hebrews would have no knowledge of Sumerian history, or be able to read, Sumerian text, therefore not question it's authenticity? Hence they would actually believe that Moses was the originator of these accounts. Rather presumptuous on his part, to assume that mankind would not eventually discover the real source of the Pentateuch. To answer this we must find out who Moses really was in a historical sense.          

            A number of Pharaohs have been identified as the Pharaoh of the Exodus, but only one Pharaoh, can be both identified by time line and historical fact, and that is Amenhotep 3rd. In the bible, it tells of 2 storage cities that are built by the Hebrews, and the city Raamses is both mentioned in the bible's account and is listed in Amenhotep 3rds. burial site, as one of his achievements. Raamses was a city built from clay bricks, in the Goshen, the north eastern section of the Nile delta, where the Hebrews resided. What gives further proof, that Amenhotep 3rd was the Pharaoh of Exodus, is that Amenhotep's first son and heir to the throne, Crown Prince Thutmose, or Thutmosis, disappears from Egyptian records shortly after rising to manhood. His name Thut-moses, means born of Thut, or begot of Thut. This was also the same name that his grandfather was called. Moses was an Egyptian name, not a Hebrew name, as most Jews and Christians would suggest.

            The Egyptian name Ramsses, given to a number of Pharaohs, was also derived from this same name. Ra being the “Sun God”, and msses meaning “born of”,is a derivative of moses, as in Thutmosis. In Exodus 2:19 it says Moses was an Egyptian, not a Hebrew. In the presence of close family members the Crown Prince, may certainly have been called Moses. The question is, what happened to Moses? There has never been found a burial site of the crown prince, extremely odd for the Egyptians, or any mention of his accomplishments. Amenhotep 3rd was really a family man, including in many reliefs his 4 daughters, but never including the crown prince. The answer to the crown prince history and seeming disappearance, can be found in the bible's account.  

            Moses himself said he committed a murder. It would have had to be a very grievous act for a crown prince to be banished from his family and Egypt. Moses tells his motive in the Bible, but can he be believed? Murder as an act of sedition or murder against the priesthood, would be a case for banishment. No one really will ever know, but Moses had to flee Egypt. Upon fleeing Egypt, Moses marries a non Hebrew, an Ethiopian woman, as Numbers 12:1 tells us, but what gives further proof that Moses was not a Hebrew, was that he did not circumcise his son, as Exodus 4:18 tells us, and circumcision is a very important part of being Jewish. The general view of Moses, the Charlton Heston from the movie "The Ten Commandments", could not be further from the truth. Moses mother was part Nubian, and he would have had a very dark complexion if not black. His wife from Ethiopia, would also have been very dark complected.   

            Upon hearing that the ruling Pharaoh had died, Moses returns to Egypt, but why would he return? For one reason and one reason only. To regain his lawful right as heir to the throne of Egypt, only to find his younger brother, Akhenaten was now Pharaoh. Now we know why Moses would have chosen Sargon as his alter-ego. Both men were banished by their fathers, neither Sargon's father or Moses father would accept them. Both had their mothers cast them into the darkness, forsaken and rejected. Sargon would rise to become King of a world power, and it is this position that Moses desired. To regain his position as Pharaoh of Egypt, the world power of the known world.

            In Exodus 7:7 is says that Moses was 80 yrs old when he approached Pharaoh. It would of taken some time to have an entire nation to leave Egypt, cross a desert, come to Mt Sinai, write the Ten Commandments,where they camped for nearly 2 years, then journey with a nation of tens of thousand, with flocks of sheep and goats to the land of Canaan. Abraham before them, did not take the direct desert route, but followed the fertile crescent, so flocks could be pastured and watered and families could rest. Would Moses leading a far larger group, follow the coast, then travel up the fertile crescent? This would have added an additional 2 years to the trip. Then after arriving at the borders of Canaan, the Israelites turned back into the desert to wander for 40 years. Moses then returned to a mountain overlooking the land of "milk and honey" and died, never crossing the river Jordan. Moses would have had to be over 130 years old at his death, if all this were true. No man in Moses time nor in our time, has ever lived to 130 years. A great King of the Israel once said, only the strong live 3 score and ten. The question is, what part of this story is misleading or false?        

            Moses must have been very disappointed to see his brother as Pharaoh, a position he should have held. Why did Moses never mention the Pharaoh's name? He says in the Bible that he personally knows all the royal family, so why not mention their names? A past that he wishes to keep hidden. In the Bible's account in Exodus Chapter 7, it also tells of Moses with a speech impediment, so that a translator is used in place of Moses, when speaking to the Pharaoh. There was never a mention previously that Moses had a speech problem, so was this an attempt by Moses to hide his voice from Egypt's inner court and the Pharaoh's family, so that he would not be identified. Moses could change his appearance so as not to be recognized, but he could not alter his voice. Were all these just attempts to hide his true identity from the new Pharaoh and ultimately the Hebrews?

            After finding his younger brother as Pharaoh, Moses would have been devastated, but what would be his recourse? As Crown Prince both Moses and his younger brother would have had the world's best education. The Crown Prince of Egypt would have been taught at Thebes, the history and many languages, written and spoken, of the surrounding nations. The art of war, and how neighbouring nations were equipped and their primary method of war. The geography and the ancient routes of trade and the many passes, that required passage for invading armies, would have  been taught. Religion and customs of not just Egypt but of the many nations in the immediate area were all taught to the Crown Princes of Egypt. Egypt believed and was one of the foremost reasons Egypt existed as a powerful nation for centuries, was that all it's Pharaohs should be the most educated men on earth. Another reason for Egypt's fast rise to world power, was that Egypt had horses. Horses did not exist in the early Mesopotamian valley. Chariots, four wheeled, were pulled by a large species of the donkey, in early Sumeria. Horses existed in North Africa and in Spain, where Egypt had a clear military advantage in there use. Horses against donkeys could be likened to a German Tiger against an American Sherman. 

            Moses was taught as he knew his brother was, of an ancient prophecy, that spoke of Egypt being overturned by it's servants and the ruling Pharaoh that would succumb to these insurgents. Could Moses somehow use this ancient prophecy to accomplish his own end? To start a revolution using the Hebrew slaves, in hopes of overturning his brother as Pharaoh. A fulfillment of an ancient text. Would his brother, who was known to be very religious, believe that this prophecy was about to be fulfilled? For the plan to work it would require that Moses's true identity be unknown to the Pharaoh. For once Moses true identity was known, the real reason of his presence would become known, and Moses's life would then be in danger. Most importantly did the Pharaoh see these Hebrew slaves as a threat to his kingdom?

            The Bible answers this by saying that the Hebrews had become many and because of that, they were now a huge burden to the mostly agriculturally based Egypt. As Moses was soon to discover, the new Pharaoh, would have gladly seen the Hebrews leave the land, and remove this heavy financial burden from the Egyptians. The Hebrews were now eating more than they were producing. These descendants of Joseph that were once seen as guests, were now seen more as a burden, than a threat to fulfill ancient prophecy. Moses account in Exodus continues to detract from this important issue, and he continues to press his point that the Hebrews were seen as a threat to Egypt, hence their work loads were increased. Was this the case, or was Moses account simply to justify his own purpose? How could the most powerful, and wealthy nation on Earth, be afraid of a group of uneducated lowly group of slaves? Did Egypt see the Hebrews as a threat to the political stability of their nation? A nation where the Pharaohs were seen as Gods. The Egyptians would have laughed at such a thought, but they did question whether these Hebrews served any real purpose in Egyptian life. Other than the building of clay grain storage facilities for times of drought, the Hebrews did little to benefit Egypt. They did no work on any of the major projects, the many stone projects or burial sites, being built throughout Egypt, that took vast Egyptian resources, including food. They were slowly eating Egypt out of house and home, like a bad guest that stays too long and wears out his welcome. Hence Egypt's ruling Pharaoh, would have gladly seen their Exodus. This is not exactly what Moses wanted to hear, in his attempt to bring a fractious rebellion. He refused to accept this as defeat, and continued his written record of events, that we have all come to accept as true history.                                 

            After his inability to start a slave rebellion, what was to follow? Moses still needed and desired for others to worship and bow to him. This was probably just a reflection of his Egyptian past, and his education, but throughout his life it would consume him. To leave Egypt with nothing would be to leave in defeat, and that just wasn't part of Moses psychic. A personality that was very ego driven. Moses quest may have suffered a temporary set-back, but his determination was stronger than ever.
            Moses, as history supports would not give-up so easily, and especially his right to rule. His right to have followers, and subservient worshipers. His right to be superior. His only recourse now was to approached the Hebrews and tell them of a land of "milk and honey", a promised land. If he couldn't fool the Pharaoh of Egypt, then he would attempt to fool these Hebrews. Have we not heard this story before, “a land of milk and honey”. It sounds all to familiar, like a NY stock promoter. The land of easy street, where everyone lies around all day, and money grows on trees. It wasn't long before Moses had these mostly illiterate slaves eating out of his hand. Moses was the world's first promoter, and possibly the world's greatest. He then told the Hebrews that he was going to bring 10 plagues upon the Gods and Pharaoh of Egypt, to save them from slavery, and take them to this promised land, where no one works, and fruit grows with abundance. They couldn't get enough of Moses. Where did Moses get the idea of 10 plagues, and why were they focused against Egypt, as if it was now a personal manner? Had he become that vindictive against Egypt?          

            Moses learned of the 10 plagues from his Egyptian education as a young man. One of these documents that Moses would have studied and known well, was the Ipuwer Papyrus. Though existing in a fragmented form today, it tells of plagues that would come upon Egypt. The Nile would turn to blood and it's King would be overturned by his servants. Comparing this papyrus text with Exodus text they parallel very closely. Papyrus 2:5 "the river is blood", Exodus 7:20 "all the waters of the river were turned to blood", Papyrus 2:10 "men - thirst after water" Exodus 7:24 "Dig around the river for water, for they could not drink", Papyrus 6:3 "grain has perished on every side", Exodus 9:31 "flax and barley was smitten", Papyrus 9:11 "the land is without light", Exodus 10:22 "and there was a thick darkness in the land". Moses just did what he was good at, plagiarizing, and these Hebrews who had no knowledge, of the worlds history or culture, or who Moses actual was, believed it.

            Moses in fact required three occurrences to be effective, in order to produce his desired effects. 1) that the Hebrews were unaware of his true identity, 2) their education level was low, countries usually don't spend a lot of time on educating slaves, 3) because of their distance from Pharaoh's palace, far to the northeast in the Nile delta, Goshen, that they would have no knowledge of the plagues actually ever taking place. A perfect storm for a great promoter.        

            Moses then tells of crossing the Red Sea, after exiting Egypt. Did the Hebrews actually cross a dry sea bed, as Moses states, or was it something else? The delta rivers of the Nile and the Euphrates, are continually changing. The ancient cities of Ur and Eridu, in modern Iraq, both suffered this fate. In ancient times a frantic effort, by the Sumerians to save Eridu from losing it's water source from the Euphrates delta river as the delta shifted further to the east, was to build a 12 mile canal from Ur. This ancient canal can still be seen today from aerial photos. This in the end, did not save either city, as both now are in a middle of a desert. Ramesses 2nd, constructed his new capital, Pi-Ramesses, on the Nile delta river, and within a few short generations, ended abandoned, because the Nile delta river shifted, and left the Pharaoh's great city, high and dry. Moses simply led these mostly uneducated Hebrews across a dry Nile delta river, and told them it was the Red Sea, they were crossing, and he was holding the waters back, to allow their safe passage. He was becoming an almost one man circus act.

            The Red Sea is 350 km across and has an average death of 1608 ft. Can anyone take the story of Moses crossing the Red Sea after parting it's water, as actually taking place? The simple logistics of moving several hundred thousand people, their families, their wares and flocks across 350 km, just in itself would take 4 weeks or more. That's 4 weeks with no water for humans or grazing and water for their flocks... Fig13.

            Soon the Hebrews came to Mount Sinai, where Moses went up to the top of the mountain, and came back, after breaking the 1st set, with the Ten Commandments. Where did Moses get the idea of the Ten Commandments? We don't have to look further than his childhood education, from the Egyptian, Books of the Dead. The Books of the Dead, which they were later called, were extensive written documents, covering in some cases over 70 feet of temple walls. They were carved and painted in stone, around the burial sites of dead Kings of Egypt. All the Ten commandments are listed in the Books of the Dead, with one exception, the Sabbath. The Ten Commandments are  listed in Exodus chapter 20. Two common examples that compare both scripts, are the the commandments, not to commit murder and take God's name in vain. “Thou shall not kill” v.s. “I have not killed; I have not turned anyone over to a killer”, and “Thou shall not take the name of the lord thy God in vain” v.s. “I have not reviled the God.” As such, the Books of Dead have given us the original ten commandments, but are in the negative sense, because the dead Kings of Egypt are presenting their case for after life. Moses as a Crown Prince, would be one of the few, that would have been given access, to these holy sites where the Books of the Dead were written, and also have the knowledge to read Egyptian text. No Hebrew would have been allowed access, or allowed to work at any of these sites, and no Hebrew would have the knowledge to decipher these Hieroglyph texts.        

Fig14.     Mount Sinai, today, though many still question the actual site location, where tourists can make their way to the top along known pathways, from St Catherine’s monastery.  Mt. Sinai is in the southern area of the Sinai Peninsula, which means the Hebrews would have been making a long journey south from the Goshen, which adds years to the trip. This is not on a direct route to the land of Canaan.

            Moses life as sole leader, was not without it's difficulty. Upon leading the Hebrews in the desert, Moses found that he had political opponents. In Chapter 16 of the Book of Numbers, Moses encounters these political adversaries in the family of Korah. The 16th chapter goes on to say that the Lord God, had the earth open it's mouth and swallow all the families of Korah and his supporters including all their family possessions. Did the Israelites see this as the truth, as to what actually occurred? If today we heard that Gadhafi, once the leader of Libya, had a news conference and stated that all his political adversaries had been swallowed up by the earth, because the Lord God saw them as evil, would we believe this as the truth? The Hebrews were not any different from us. They saw this, as we would today, that Moses was exercising his authority, “It's my way or the highway”.

            Moses was again using from what was effective, and expedient in Egypt, murder. Moses simply had some of his thugs murder these families and bury their bodies, and family possessions in the desert. They simply disappeared. Much can be overlooked, from the life of Moses, but some acts cannot. Murder being one.

            Moses nearing the end of his life, rose upon a mountain, that overlooked the “land of milk and honey". He died there, never entered this promised land, or see the results of his efforts. What was Moses thinking at that moment? Was his life a success? Did he achieve his goals? No one will ever know, his personal thoughts, but the main point is; his writings have persuaded billions of people to believe and put their faith in a man, that was certainly an inspirational speaker, a brilliant leader, but was also extremely manipulative, controlling, and from many of his writings, he meant to directly  mislead with falsehoods, as to prevaricate the truth. To prevaricate the truth, is far greater than to lie, for it implies a conscious effort to mislead.

            The question for us today is; Why do we continue to believe the Bibles account regarding early occurrences in Egypt? The simple fact is the Bible's account up until the 19th century was our only source of knowledge into ancient Egypt. The Egyptian hieroglyphs were not understood and deciphered until then, and the Sumerian text even later, up until the 1930's. In fact the Sumerian civilization was not discovered or even known about until the mid eighteen  hundreds. Moses record of man's early existence was our sole source of knowledge. In effect Moses was able to keep the truth from all of us, simply because of our inability to read ancient text. In brief, Moses had been correct. He could transcribe early Egyptian and Sumerian text word for word, and these accounts would be believed as “words from God”, for thousands of years. What is even more profound, is that these earlier writing, are now seen as mostly ancient myths, that carry little or no wait, on human history, while the plagiarized Bible's accounts are seen as the truth. The case in point is the history of the Sumerian king, Sargon, whose history has been purposely buried and hidden by Christian and Jewish scholars, because that history would prove the Bible's account as false and misleading. A cruel irony of fate.

            Was Moses God's Greatest Prophet, or was he in search of his own destiny? The cost of which was irrelevant. The answer to that can only lie within each of us.
          References; 1)The Bible, American Standard, King James, Douay, New International versions
                                    2)Dictionaries, German/ English, English
                                    3)British Museum Dictionary of Ancient Egypt
                                    4)Youngblood, Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary,T. Nelson,1986
                                    5)Egyptian Hieroglyphs – published by the British Museum
                                    6)Wotrenbuch Der Aegyptischen Sprache
                                    7)Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs, Oxford, 1961
                                    8)Budge, Rosetta Stone, Cambridge, 1893, (articles)
                                    9)Jacobson, Sumerian Poetry in Translation,Yale,1987
                                    10)Kramer, History Begins at Sumer, Doubleday/Anchor,1959
                                    11)Kramer, Sumerian Mythology, Harper, 1961
                                    12)Kramer, The Sumerians, University of Chicago press, 1963
                                    13)Jacobson, The Treasuries of Darkness, Yale, 1976
                                    14)Pritchard, Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, Princeton,  1955
                                    15)King L.W.,History of Sumer and Akkad, C.River, 1916
                                    16)Stiny D.E.,Two Tablets Found, Polished Copper,2012
            (i)The Sumerian goddess Nin-ti translates, lady of the rib, and also lady to make live.
            (ii) Most Sumerian text used is translated by Kramer and Jacobson
            (iii) Ancient people associated names with their gods,so if they changed gods they responded by changing the spelling of people and cities to reflect that.
            Historical Background of Sumerian Cuneiform text
                                    1)The Great Library of Ashurbanipal was found in the late 1840's, where tens of thousands of cuneiform texts were unearthed. This last great King of Assyria, collected numerous cuneiform texts from all over the Mesopotamia Valley, for his Library. He was also said to have made copies of some of the more important texts.
                                    2) Rawlinson, a British Officer, attached to the British East India Company, deciphered the Behistun Inscription in Persia, 1838. It was very similar to the Rosetta Stone in that it had identical texts in three languages, one being Babylonian cuneiform writing.
                                    3)By 1851 about 200 Babylonian cuneiform signs could be read
                                    4)Falkenstein, 1936, had identified most of the Sumerian characters.

                                    5)Sumerian language and text was surprisingly in use up until 100 AD. for sacred, ceremonial services and for scientific notation. Very similar to the use of Latin in the western world, long after it was no longer a common language used by the masses. Latin was still used by the medical profession, and church services, along with it being seen as part of ones intellectual learning. Not surprising then, that Moses's education included the study of Sumerian.

                                    6)Of the tens of thousands of cuneiform texts, in existence, some were found to be exact copies of each other, which helped in deciphering the text, when many of the texts were in a fragmented state. This may lead to another conclusion. Since many of the texts were about everyday living, including the weather, and legal documents, would this indicate that they were meant for the general public? If they were read by the general public, that would infer a standard education system, and a very highly socialized society. Not what one would expect prior to 3500 BC.

                                    7)The Sumerians had a counting system based on 60, (10 and 6). This seems rather difficult in calculations, but this system, has given us the 60, in seconds in a minute,and 60 minutes in an hour. The Sumerians also had a rather developed legal system, and the one significant thing we still use from them today is the seal. Any legal document had to have seal before it was considered legal. This carried on down through Roman times and even today. That little red dot beside your signature on a legal document, is from the Sumerian seal.

                                    8) The Tree of Knowledge and Life in the Bible was a symbol used by many societies prior to the Bibles account, as a phallic symbol. The stump of a tree and the growth of it's limbs, was worshiped throughout ancients societies as a phallic symbol.

                                    9)One glaring difference between the Sumerian account of creation and Moses's account, is their accounts and description of “God”. The Bible describes a One God, with no beginning or no end, that is perfect, omnipotent, all knowing, the creator off all things, and exists as a spirit God, with many of his subordinates able to fly around as angles. This God of the Bible also demands it's followers to worship and strictly obey him. In contrast to this the Sumerian writings depict their “Great Gods”, as numerous human like Gods, that posses no spirit form, or angelic form. Sumerian Gods do not asked to be worshiped or have followers that enact exact rituals, as the God of Moses did. The Great Gods of Mesopotamia are not omnipotent, perfect, or all knowing, and certainly do not profess to be all powerful. In fact their Gods had several un-God like qualities. They drank beer in excess. They slept too much, which is probably related to their drinking. They're incredibly lazy. In one recorded incident they refused to work. They also liked to have sex with the numerous available local girls, and they also lived a very long time in comparison to the Sumerians. Sounds more like a bunch of “good ole boys”. The question is why would the Sumerians refer to them as “Great Gods”? These Sumerian Gods came with advance technology, advanced mathematics, and advanced farming techniques particularly related to irrigation farming, and shard this knowledge with the Sumerians. All this meant was less work and more to eat and drink for these “Gods”. Their relationship to the Sumerians, was more symbiotic, than the, I am God/you are to worship me, relationship of the Bible.

                                    10) A difficult aspect of the God of the Bible, v.s. The Gods of the Sumerians, for me at least, is God's never ending “bragging”.  Isaiah 45; versus 11-21 is just one of the many examples, Job chapter 38 another. “I made the earth and I created man- I created the heavens”. There is pages upon pages of this never ending self posturing, incessant bragging. My point from all of this is; if there is a 'One God the creator”, that sees fit to come down from his heavenly place, and speak to a lowly human on earth, which can be no more than a fly speck in relation to the Universe, then why does he have to spend an inordinate amount of time bragging to this fly speck? Does he have some personal insecurity issues, or is this an attempt by the writer of the Bible versus to vindicate his own agenda. I just cannot imagine an omnipotent God the Creator, to feel the satisfaction of man's approval, and the need to be worshiped. It sounds preposterous.

            Historical Background of Egyptian Hieroglyphs

                                    1) In 1799  a Frenchman, attached to Napoleon’s army found the Rosetta Stone near Alexandra in Egypt.

                                    2)After the surrender of Egypt to the British forces in 1801, the Rosetta stone, eventually landed in the British Museum.

                                    3)The Rosetta stone, had three identical texts written in three languages. Two of these were in Egyptian, one of these being Hieroglyphs, and the other in Greek.

                                    4) Two men eventually were able to decipher the Egyptian text on the stone by 1822. First Young, an Englishman, was able to decipher the cartouches. These were 7 exact symbols of a Pharaoh's name surrounded by an elliptical circle with a horizontal line at one end, found written on the stone. Later a Frenchman, Champollion, was able to decode the rest of the text, all with the aid of the Greek inscription.

                                    5)With the fall of Egypt's power, Egypt became more isolated. It's religion and it's Hieroglyph texts became more obscure. There may have been a time when foreign scholars, Roman and Greek, could read Egyptian text, but this is unknown. By the 1st  Century A.D., Hieroglyphs certainly was falling into disuse.

                                    6)In Moses account regarding Egypt, he uses the word Pharaoh, as a name for the King of Egypt, throughout his account, but was this always the case? The Egyptian word Pharaoh literally means, “Great House”, and for much of Egyptian history, it was applied only to the Palace of the King of Egypt and not as a  personal name. It wasn't about until 1350 BC or at the time of King Akhenaten that the word Pharaoh first appears to name the King of Egypt and not the Palace. The very first time that Pharaoh was used as King, was in a letter to Akhenaten. This is a definite key testament that Moses stood before his brother Akhenaten, because at no time in previous history is the King of Egypt called Pharaoh, and Moses calls him Pharaoh. As the famous Egyptologist , Sir Alan Gardiner states, “The earliest certain instance where Pharaoh refers to the King is in a letter to Akhenaten, which is addressed; Pharaoh, the Master.”  Moses inadvertently calls all Kings of Egypt, Pharaoh, including the Pharaoh at the time of Joseph, but this was not historically correct. The Qur'an gets this correct, by calling this early King, the King of Egypt,(Qur'an 12:43) and the King of Egypt during the time of Moses as the Pharaoh of Egypt(Qur'an 7:104). From this simple account of Moses identifying the King of Egypt, as Pharaoh, the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt can be pinpointed to 1346 B.C.E.

                        The Physical Description Needed to Construct the
                                       Chariot of the Gods   

          Several of the Prophets of Yahweh, because of their close proximity to the throne/chariot could of easily given a description in scientific terms, what the actual chariot looked like. The actual dimensions, in shape and in composition could have been disclosed, but Ezekiel, Elijah and Daniel were all so caught up in their religious background to the extent, that these connotations would eclipse any real attempt at scientific data. In Daniel 7:9-10, Daniel is describing what he sees, as God's chariot , and he actually sees the wheels of the chariot. Wading through Ezekiel's account to garner a few grains of truth requires patience, and endurance. There has been other recorded accounts, as in the Papyrus of Tulli, which describes an event in ancient Egypt. There is an even attempt at drawing these chariots, by the Egyptians and with a minor description of the event added, but the most important images are those drawn by the Sumerians themselves. These chariots seem almost common in their lives, with very little thought of fear, or that they are out of the ordinary. The further you go back in time the more accurate the drawings are, with less political and religious overtones.  In fact the Sumerian early texts are almost seen as naive, because of their lack of prejudges, political, religious and ethnic. After reading early Sumerian texts, it's like drinking rain water without any impurities. Their early depictions of the throne/chariots are exactly the same, without impurities.

           The Tulli papyrus was accompanied with hieroglyphic text, giving a 1 rod dimension to these numerous objects, seen at the top of the drawing.. A certain amount of fear along with amazement resulted, as the army of the King was gathered and assembled at the site, as a protection against these chariots, that were becoming more numerous. They soon disappeared, and moved to the south. To assemble an whole army would have taken days, if not weeks, suggesting these objects remained in view for some time.Fig15.

            The objects above are shown having a wheel rim, and Ezekiel at Ezekiel 1:18 also mentions the wheels were tall and awesome and having rims, but the Sumerian drawing never portray them having rims. I've decided to stick with the Sumerian drawing of wheels with no rims, because Ezekiel, also states in that the wheels did not support the chariot in any way, so there was no need of rims. The chariot was supported by the wings of the cherubs, and not the wheels themselves. Hence no need for rims, as above figure 4 illustrates.

            Ezekiel also testifies that the chariot of God emits light, as verses 13 and 27 suggest. This light is a result of either the chariots movement or is consumed as part of it's movement. The Tulli papyrus also support that a bright light is present from their observation of these chariots of God. Along with a bright light, a very strong foul smell is observed in Egypt. The Sumerians again, never mention light accompanying their throne/chariots, but then again the Sumerians never mention in recorded text anything about these chariots. I then decide to stick with the light theory.

            Ezekiel goes to great length to describing this chariot with corner posts with four faces, and the single leg of a bull, with various cherubs and their wings in different positions, and above this he describes a firmament, a word also used by Moses in Genesis. The firmament describes the separation from above, where the throne is situated.  This basic description is a common description of many royal thrones, which had chariot versions, that existed centuries before Ezekiel's account, and used by many of the Mesopotamia kingdoms. The firmament is simple a floor which the throne chair sits on, and the decorations involving  animal heads and the feet of a bull are often seen on royal thrones predating Ezekiel. The use of cherubs, and their wings also predates Israel, in ancient throne rooms. This decorative religious speech can be discarded, when trying to determine the throne/chariot operation. Yahweh, was simply trying to impress upon Ezekiel that this chariot represented power and authority, by using these decorative images. These were emblems that were recognizable to anyone of that era, as showing the seat of power, but had no significance to the real construction and eventual operation of a chariot of the Gods.
            Ezekiel states the wheels sere tall, but gives no dimension, while the Egyptian account state 1 rod or cubit as their height. In a number of Bible texts it speaks of chariot wheel being 1 and ½ cubits in height, but this may have little bearing on the wheels, of the chariots of the Gods. By looking at the Sumerian drawings there can be derived a simple relationship of the wheels size to the nearby figure's relative size. Therefore a height of 1 to 1 ½ cubits seems workable.  

            The next question is what are these wheels made of, and Ezekiel helps us answer that question? In Ezekiel 1:16, it states the wheels have a colour of Chrysolite, or Tarshish. These were semi-precious, stones that Ezekiel would have been familiar with, because they were mined in southern Egypt from ancient times. What is important to determine the metal used in the wheels is their colour. Their colour will point  to the metal used in their construction. Chrysolite is a blue/green or aquamarine colour. The point of interest is that very few metals were mined in 5000 BC, which really limits the choices of metals used in these chariot wheels. The mining of ore was important to the Anunnaki, as Sumerian text relates, probably for various reasons, but the construction of these chariots of the Gods, would be the most important one. Metals were mined from the mountains of Persia, where the ore was then transported to Sumeria, to be smelted, using the heat source of Bitumen. The remnants of ancient mines still exist, showing that gold, copper, and silver were all mined by the ancients, but none of these metal have a blue/green hue. Only one metal mined by the Anunnaki showed this colour, and that is Bismuth. Ancient mines in Persia also contained Bismuth, which is a heavy metal, and easily smelted. There is one downside to Bismuth and that it is somewhat brittle. This would led me to believe that the eight spokes are solid Bismuth, and the bulbs at the end of the spokes are hollow. As in Fig. 4. The only reason for having bulbs at the ends of the spokes, would be that they were hollow. Now what would be in these bulb ends is a matter of conjecture?

            To the east of Sumeria is India, where ancient Sanskrit writings, tells of flying vehicles, that were used by their Gods. These texts give a somewhat fanciful descriptions of these vehicles, but the element Mercury is mentioned, as an operational part of their construction. Germany in the second world war, also seemed quite interested in these descriptions, as a large amount of resources were spent in an effort to build such a craft, named the Bell Project. The RAF noticed at this time a very large magnetic field around the site where the project was assembling the craft. They ordered their planes to stay away form this area, for fear of electrical interference. The Germans did build a hydro dam to supply power to the project, that appears to produce DC current, in an effort to make a large electromagnet to produce a large magnetic field. Many of those that worked on the project died, or were murdered, or simply disappeared. The medical records of those that died, seem to point to Mercury poisoning, though Mercury was never mentioned being used by the Germans. My question is what did the Germans find out, and why the use of a large magnetic field? German research during the war has been the only attempt in history to duplicate the mechanical movement of the chariot of the Gods. Maybe it's time again to attempt this reconstruction.

            No photos of the Bell exist, but many believe this may resemble the Bell, which was built and operated in Silesia, which is now part of Poland. The liquid that was used, was even more secretive, and known as Xerum 525, and had a distinctive blue/green colour. From questioning those that survived, the Bell consisted of 2 counter rotating cylinders, and could only be run for a very short time. Those that were close to the project either were killed or sickened by it's operation. All the scientists and technical staff that worked on the project, were  assassinated by the SS, before the  wars close. Fig16.    

            The motion of the wheels is next to be considered. The idea of naming something a wheel in itself, would allude to the fact of motion. Ezekiel in verse 16 of chapter 1, states the wheels are spinning, have a whirling action. Would this mean the outer wheel is motionless while the inner wheel is spinning, or would it mean that both wheels are spinning either in the same direction or are counter rotating? The Germans apparently counter spun their cylinder so I'm going with 2 counter rotating wheels.  

            Why the use of Mercury in the Sanskrit or what appears as a Mercury liquid by the Germans, and the use of Bismuth in Ezekiel's throne/chariot? What property does Bismuth and Mercury have in common?  The one property of Bismuth, and Mercury that stands out is that both are diamagnetic. In fact Bismuth is the most diamagnetic element followed by Mercury, known to exist. Both repel a magnetic field. This would give rise to the fact that a magnetic field must be part of the operation of the chariot of God. So why would you produce a magnetic field to repel it, as in the case of the Bell project?  The answer to that, lies the power of the chariot. By producing a magnetic field at the axle, having one end of the axle North and the other South, the magnetic field would then flow around the outside of the axle to meet each pole. By having 2 wheels with eight spokes of Bismuth, with bulbs at the very end filled with a certain amount of Mercury, spinning through that field, would in essence disrupt the fields from uniting their North and South poles. What special significance would the disruption of a magnetic field have? What would be the use of the cables, with the Omega at each end, that drop down from the throne/chariot have?  Does the disruption of the field, allow those holding what seems to be an Omega, to communicate in a visual and audio manner to another world that to-date  cannot be seen? Would this reveal a Universe that would  disqualify the truths that we have come to believe in? The many theories that are accepted today, as being truths, would or could be all false. Is the Theory of Evolution, the Big Bang Theory, Einstein’s Theory of Relativity, and The Creation Account of the Bible, all creditable? Could the very bases of our understanding of the Universe be a altered?

            What is a bigger leap of faith? The modern belief of String Theory or that hundreds of these chariots of the Gods drawn by the Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians and Persians, over a period of several centuries, once existed?  

            The Omega cable seems to indicate a communication device of some importance. It would seem to be able to allow voice and possibly visual transmission, from those on the ground, to those in the chariot, and also to those in the underworld. The technology of transmitting audio and picture over a cable connection  is not exactly far reaching science, so the suggestion that someone with the science to manufacture a small craft that the Sumerians saw as a flying chariot, would no doubt be able to transmit simple voice and picture over a cable as the Anunnaki in Fig.7 seems to be doing, is very plausible. Would this be a simple audio connection or would it have to do with magnetic field disruption? Notice that the cables go firstly to the chariot, and not directly to each Anunnaki standing between the Tree of Life. Therefore the visual and audio signals would be altered, or transformed via the chariots ability. The completion of the chariot would include wheels in all four corners, thus creating an area within the chariot void of magnetic field.


            I've done my very best, with the material and evidence available.  I did not speak of ETs or  strange spacecraft from other planets. I only reported what the Sumerians either wrote or revealed in their art. In the relief above, the spokes of the wheels are seen with the bulbs at each end, just behind the central figure, and above him to his right is the common depiction of the 7 known planets, from Mercury to Saturn, with Nibiru included or the earth's moon included, as many believe the moon was called a planet. To the figures left and above him is the moon. For most of the world, the moons cusps are not seen pointing straight up, but near the equator this does occur.  To the left of the moon and to the right of the 7 planets is the familiar chariot of the Gods. 

                        Need help....or is help needed????

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